What is it?
It is a chronic inflammatory skin condition affecting the central face in adults aged 30-60 who have fair skin types.
The exact cause is unknown. Experts think there are genetic, environmental, vascular and inflammatory factors involved.
Triggers are typically things that make you flush: heat, exercise, alcohol, spicy foods, temperature extremes, sunlight, stress, medications, and some cosmetic products
What are the symptoms?
There are 4 major types of rosacea:
Type 1 – Erythematotelangiectatic type (ie blood vessel type)
o Facial flushing and redness
o Swelling, burning, stinging, roughness
o Visible blood vessels
Type 2 – Papulopustular type (ie red bump type)
o Persistent redness
o Pimplelike bumps and pustules
o Swelling burning, stinging, roughness.
Type 3 – Phymatous type (ie thick skin type)
o Thickened bumpy skin to the nose, forehead, chin, ears, cheeks.
Type 4 – Ocular type (ie eye type)
o Red, bloodshot eyes
o Stinging, dryness, grittiness, blurred vision
o Eyelid stye’s and bumps.
Do I need to do any tests as part of the diagnosis?
In most cases the answer is NO as this tends to be a clinical diagnosis
Occasionally your doctor will order blood tests if the diagnosis is in question.
What are the treatment options available?
Treatment depends on the type of rosacea that you’ve been diagnosed with – there are numerous options for treatment ranging from topical prescriptions, oral medications, Intense Pulsed Light laser treatments, eyedrops and other surgical and laser options.
For all types a good skin care regime consisting of:
o Products that are non drying, free of alcohol or astringents
o Mild soapless cleansers and do not rub or scrub the skin
o Make a habit of using sunscreen SPF 30 or higher every day – consider physical blockers such as those with zinc oxide or titanium dioxide
o Moisturize your skin regularly with Dermatologist approved moisturizers – Cetaphil, CeraVe, Aveeno, Glaxal Base, Hydrous emulsifying oint, Avene, Laroche Posay.